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Participation means the dialogue between citizens and local elected representatives, planers (1); it encompasses a wide range of ways in which different stakeholders can play a direct part in planning, preparing shared visions and decision-making process. Clark at al. considers participation fundamental to the practice of active citizenship (2).
(1) Recommendation 19 of the Council of Ministers to Member States on the Participation of Citizens in Local Public Life (2001) – http://www.coe.int
(2) Alison Clark, Barry Percy-Smith. Beyond Consultation: Participatory Practices in Everyday Spaces – Children, Youth and Environments (16)2, 2006) – http://www.colorado.edu/journals/cye
As one of the Urban Indicators for Healthy City Pedestrian Streets are defined as streets entirely used for pedestrians from which all vehicular traffic is banned (in kms steets / km2 surface area of city).
World Health Organisation
A complex process with many meanings, all of which imply an ability to think ahead and organise actions and projects. Spatial planning, territorial planning and land-use planning describe the various statutory systems that exist for controlling and shaping the use of land in both urban and rural areas.
Green planning means the planning process for green spaces and for the urban landscape.
LUDA-Project (www.luda-project.net), with an addendum from IOER
to be understood as all documents related to planning and implementation of projects and programmes in urban spaces. In GreenKeys context planning documents contain the following elements: spatial plans, strategies, conceptions for urban development and for urban landscape development and protection, detailed plans, planning Information and reports.
A policy is a plan of action for tackling issues. It is often initiated by a political party in government, which undergoes reforms and changes by interested actors. Policy designates a process that includes the elaboration of programs by different, usually public and private collective actors and the way the programs are then applied as concrete programs and actions. Policies in short can be understood as political and administrative mechanisms arranged around explicit goals.
A group of interventions often linked together over time and encompassing more than one project (in order to deliver a plan or part of a plan)
"Protected area" means a geographically defined area which is designated or regulated and managed to achieve specific conservation objectives.
Convention on Biological Diversity, 2000
Public access to green spaces
This Urban Indicator for Healthy City allows the surface area of green spaces per inhabitant to be open to the public (in m2).
World Health Organisation